This study addresses the lack of critical analysis on Gregory of Nazianzus’ title of ‘the Theologian’. John 1.1-14). [25] This view of Gregory is also held by some modern theologians such as John Sachs, who said that Gregory had "leanings" toward apocatastasis, but in a "cautious, undogmatic" way. [5]:199 This strained his relationship with Basil, who insisted that Gregory resume his post at Sasima. [11], In 361 Gregory returned to Nazianzus and was ordained a presbyter by his father's wish, who wanted him to assist with caring for local Christians. I offer this gift to my God, I dedicate this gift to Him. An Intellectual Biography (Crestwood, N.Y.: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2001). [37] The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod commemorates Gregory, along with Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa (the Cappadocian Fathers) on 10 January. Besides John the Evangelist, Gregory of Nazianzus is the only person the Early Church called "The Theologian." After enjoying six peaceful years in retirement at his family estate, he died on 25 January in 390. "[23]:10, Some of Gregory's theological writings suggest that, like his friend Gregory of Nyssa, he may have supported some form of the doctrine of apocatastasis, the belief that God will bring all of creation into harmony with the Kingdom of Heaven. This translation makes available nineteen orations by the fourth-century Cappadocian father Gregory of Nazianzus. Soon, Gregory found that illness was making this difficult and sought to retire, as he writes to the metropolitan bishop in this letter and to Bosporius in the next, Letter CLIII.] N. Dumitraşcu. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers are comprehensive in scope, and provide keen translations of instructive and illuminating texts from some of the great theologians of the Christian church. By 451 he was designated Theologus, or Theologian by the Council of Chalcedon[5]:xi – a title held by no others save John the Apostle[10] and Symeon the New Theologian (949–1022 AD). His contributions to Trinitarian theology are also influential and often cited in the Western churches. In the spring of 381 they convened the Second Ecumenical Council in Constantinople, which was attended by 150 Eastern bishops. Categories: Religion. His impact during his own time and ours is … Wien 2003, 30-34, esp. This work is still well worth consulting, but it has now been supplanted by a full-scale, even magisterial study: John McGuckin’s Saint Gregory of Nazianzus. [9]:45 Gregory was of similar mind in wishing to unify Christianity. Gregory of Nazianzus (St. Gregory Nazianzen), Bishop of Sasima and of Constantinople, son of Gregory, Bishop of Nazianzus in Cappadocia, and Nonna, his wife, was born at a village near that city where his father had an estate, and called Arizanzus.The date of his birth is unknown, but is generally given as A.D. 325. [5]:99–102 The younger Gregory, who had been considering a monastic existence, resented his father's decision to force him to choose between priestly services and a solitary existence, calling it an "act of tyranny". xxiii. Gregory of Nazianzus’ greatest prose achievements were his funeral panegyrics to his father and Basil the Great. Quotes []. ;] -- Brian Daley provides fresh translations of a comprehensive selection of St Gregory's varied works, biographical, poetic and theological, with a detailed introduction and notes. Norris, "Of Thorns and Roses: The Logic of Belief in Gregory of Nazianzen,", F.W. Category:Literary works by Gregory of Nazianzus. Didymus, Eunomius, and Gregory of Nazianzus Andrew Radde-Gallwitz Department of Theology, Loyola University Chicago , 1032 W. Sheridan Rd., Chicago , IL 60660 , USA araddegallwitz@luc. Maximus, who was in secret alliance with Peter, bishop of Alexandria, attempted to seize Gregory's position and have himself ordained bishop of Constantinople. This volume contains the work of two impressive theologians--St. Gregory of Nazianzus and St. Cyril of Jerusalem. He was born in 329 in Arianzus, a village of the second district of Cappadocia, not far from Nazianzus. The entire work is divided into two series, each with fourteen volumes. St. Gregory of Nazianzus, Doctor of the Church, was born at Arianzus, in Asia Minor, c. 325; died at the same place, 389. [5]:358–9, Gregory was physically exhausted and worried that he was losing the confidence of the bishops and the emperor. Much of his theological work continues to influence modern theologians, especially in regard to the relationship among the three Persons of the Trinity. Publisher: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press. They were a major force in the triumph of the Athanasian position at the Council of Constantinople in 381. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. I tremble when I think of such an abundance of titles, and how many Names they blaspheme, those who revolt against the Spirit! At first he studied in Caesarea of Palestine, then in Alexandria, and finally in Athens. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Gregory of Nyssa, his brother Basil the Great (14 June), and Basil's best friend Gregory of Nazianzus (9 May), are known collectively as the Cappadocian Fathers. Early Life . [5]:235 The exiled Nicene party gradually returned to the city. In sum, we cannot rule out the possibility that Gregory had those shorter works in mind in addition to the anti-Eunomian works or perhaps even instead of the anti-Eunomian works. [After Gregory resigned, under duress, his post at Constantinople, Theodore of Tyana and Bosporius of Colonia asked him to resume his duties at Nazianzus. He went to school in Athens with his friend Basil, and with the aforesaid Julian. Autocephalous Churches who are officially part of the communion: Second Ecumenical Council and retirement to Nazianzus, Michael O'Carroll, "Gregory of Nazianzus" in, HEW Turner and Francis Young, "Procession(s)" in. Elena Ene D-Vasilescu, "Generation (γενεά) in Gregory Nazianzen's poem on the Son", Akropolis, vol. [31], During the six years of life which remained to him after his final retirement to his birthplace, Gregory composed the greater part of his copious poetical works. [citation needed]. Gregory of Nazianzus (c.326-389), preacher, poet, ecclesiastic, and saint, was born and spent much of his life on the country estate of Karbala, near the center of the Roman province of Cappadocia, in modern-day Turkey. and Francis Young, "Procession(s)" in. Gregory would later refer to his episcopal ordination as forced upon him by his strong-willed father and Basil. [28] Paul Tillich credits Gregory of Nazianzus for having "created the definitive formulae for the doctrine of the trinity". He is also one of only three men in the life of the Orthodox Church who have been officially designated "Theologian" by epithet,[7] the other two being John the Theologian (the Evangelist), and Symeon the New Theologian. St. Gregory of Nazianzus (born 330, died 390) the Archbishop of Constantinopal known as Gregory the Theologian, was instrumental as an Early Church leader.His contribution to the theological definition of the Trinity and the nature of Christ are considered a masterpiece, also known as the Five Theological Orations. Be the first to know about updates on our products and promotions. After the death of the presiding bishop, Meletius of Antioch, Gregory was selected to lead the Council. Gregory of Nazianzus is a theologian who treats theology proper with the utmost care. [17], Gregory's homilies were well received and attracted ever-growing crowds to Anastasia. * Note: these are all the books on Goodreads for this author. 30-31. He died about 25 January 390, although the exact date of his death is unknown. The emperor, moved by his words, applauded, commended his labor, and granted his resignation. Norris, Faith Gives Fullness to Reasoning: The Five Theological Orations of Gregory Nazianzen. [38] and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America commemorates Gregory of Nazianzus together with his friends Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa on 14 June. [34][35] The Catholic Church observes his feast day on 2 January. Most are appearing here in English for the first time. Arriving at Nazianzus, Gregory found the local Christian community split by theological differences and his father accused of heresy by local monks. I offer this gift to my God, I dedicate this gift to Him. [citation needed], Gregory's great nephew Nichobulos served as his literary executor, preserving and editing many of his writings. Language: english. File: EPUB, 222 KB. [26] However, it is not clear or universally accepted that Gregory held to the doctrine of apocatastasis. Ecclesi� Patrum Complectens Exquisitissima Opera Tum Dogmatica Et Moralia, Tum Apologetica Et Oratoria, Vol. [33], The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches celebrate two feast days in Gregory's honor. "[13] He made little effort to administer his new diocese, complaining to Basil that he preferred instead to pursue a contemplative life. [citation needed], Gregory was ordained Bishop of Sasima in 372 by Basil. For the latter reputation, we may refer to the numerous quotations in Greek medieval rhetorical handbooks and treatises. I was responsible for the storm, but I would sacrifice myself for the salvation of the ship. Gregory on Gregory: Catechetical Oration 38 307 intention to limit a work’s circulation.11 Both formally and thematically, those privately-addressed works match Gregory’s description here. Ed. Christ is baptized, the Spirit bears witness to this ... Christ works miracles, the Spirit accompanies them. Gregory of Nazianzus (greek: Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos), also called Gregory the Theologian, (born 329 AD - died 390 AD) was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian.He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age.. Error rating book. We encounter Gregory of Nazianzus as an earthen vessel filled with treasures of grace, prone to being overwhelmed by frustration with ecclesial politics but dedicated to a transformative union with God and other human beings that is motivated and informed by scriptural contemplation. [32] He would receive occasional visits from intimate friends, as well as visits from strangers who were attracted to his retreat by his large reputation for sanctity and learning. McLynn, "The Other Olympias: Gregory of Nazianzen and the Family of Vitalianus,", Ruth Majercik, "A Reminiscence of the Chaldean Oracles at Gregory of Nazianzus, Or. Index to Biblical Citations; pp. These include a valuable autobiographical poem of nearly 2,000 lines; about one hundred other shorter poems relating to his past career; and a large number of epitaphs, epigrams, and epistles to well-known people during that era. Orat. 42) and then departed. Please login to your account first; Need help? In early childhood he was taught to read the Scriptures by his mother. New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2015. [5]:130, Gregory spent the next few years combating Arianism, which threatened to divide the region of Cappadocia. Benoît thinks that it was probably delivered on the anniversary of S. Basil's death. The autobiographical poems On My Life, On My Fate, and On My Sufferings, with their psychological profundity and standard of self-analysis, are on a par with St. Augustine’s Confessions. WORKS Briefe. Gregory died in 390 after a long and fruitful ministry. 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