This allows time to harden off the fresh growth that is stimulated by cutting. This video is a detailed and comprehensive overview for why, when and how to prune your fig trees. Bonsai Basics: Information On Bonsai Pruning Methods, Cherry Tree Pruning: How And When To Trim A Cherry Tree, Columbine Indoor Plant Care – Can You Grow Columbine Indoors, Best Landscaping Books – Backyard Gardening Books For Better Design, Garden Tool Organization – Ways To Organize Garden Tools, Cast Iron Plants: Information On How To Grow A Cast Iron Plant, Bat House Location: How To Attract Bats To A Bat House To The Garden, Flowering Dogwood Problems: Why Is My Dogwood Dripping Water Or Sap, Forsythe Pot Propagation: Tips On How To Make And Use Forsythe Pots, Fragrant Houseplants: Best Smelling Houseplants You Should Grow, Peace Lily Growing: The Story of My Peace Lily Houseplant, Goal For The New Year: Creating A Garden That Feeds The Birds, Garden Design Plans: Dreamin’ Of A Garden Arbor Over Patio. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The first time you should be doing fig bush pruning is when you first transplant your young fig tree. If you need to, you can place a pole into the ground next to the fig tree and tie the branches to that. There are specific rules on how to prune a bonsai fig tree. It's HARD working from home. How to prune an indoor fig tree in a pot. Can a standard fig be planted in the garden when it becomes to big for its pot, or is the root system too strong? Others argue that you should wait until the end of the first dormant season. The best time for pruning fig trees is after fruit has ripened, usually in mid-summer. Chop back immediately on transplanting – as soon as you transplant your fig tree from pot to … Determine when to do your first pruning. The plant needs little pruning except when young to help create a strong frame. Avoid over watering standard figs; too much water can turn the leaves yellow. Fig trees grown in containers need to be fertilized with a high nitrogen fertilizer every four weeks in the spring and early summer. Good potted fig tree care must include knowledge on how to prune fig trees in containers. Prune as necessary to maintain a size and shape you can work with. Special bonsai pruning kits will have all the unique tools necessary for pruning a bonsai fig. Potted fruit tree pruning, like pruning field fruit trees, can also have a beneficial effect on fruit production. Bonsai is an ancient form of container gardening that relies upon root and stem pruning to create an aesthetic form and diminutive size. Branches that cross each other and/or are rubbing against each other. In early spring (Feb) prune out a number of older, bare branches leaving a 5cm (2in) stub if replacement growth is required; If it is necessary to remove more than a quarter of older branches, spread the pruning over two or three years (in February) to avoid stimulating excess growth; Renovation pruning will encourage production of vigorous new growth. Pruning the tree immediately after you transplant it gets the tree off to an early start. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Trim the tree to about half its size. This article has been viewed 24,090 times. I normally cut the stem at the top as I don’t want my indoor fig tree to grow into an 18-foot tree. Remove any suckers that come up from the roots and trim off any excess branches so that you have 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Provide well-drained soil, a large container and even moisture. Young trees respond well to light pruning that creates an even scaffold of strong branches. The perfect time to plantis during the autumn and winter, so the trees can establish themselves while it’s cold. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. Wrap the tree lightly in burlap and secure with twine. This will ensure that the tree isn't growing vigorously on top while the bottom is recovering. Remove about one-fourth of the branches of the fig tree at the same time that you prune the roots. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Find a section along the top of your fig plant that’s especially leafy or causing the entire tree to tilt to 1 side. If the process is done right, the result is a handsome contorted, tiny tree. Be careful not to cut into the parent wood and leave a clean cut that will seal quickly. Some sources recommend that you prune the tree immediately after you transplant it. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/67\/Prune-a-Standard-Fig-Tree-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Standard-Fig-Tree-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/67\/Prune-a-Standard-Fig-Tree-Step-1.jpg\/aid790441-v4-728px-Prune-a-Standard-Fig-Tree-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, How to Prune a Standard or Potted Fig Tree, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. To create this article, 14 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. By using our site, you agree to our. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. Figs belong to the genus Ficus, a common group of houseplants. Spray the fig tree trunk and branches with dormant oil. You should prune your fig tree at any time during the dormant phase when it has stopped growing for the season. Choose a fig variety that is suitable for your zone and with the degree of hardiness necessary to thrive where you live. Getting the Fig Tree Out of the Ground. Prune off about one-fourth of the roots that are growing at the outside of the root ball. Fig trees are productive with or without heavy pruning and … … Potted fig trees are becoming very popular lately, since growing the plants in pots eliminates worries over winterizing. Try these expert-level hacks. “If planting during summer make sure the soil is constantly kept moist,” YatesHorticulture Consultant Angie Thomas says. Prune your magnolia fig when dormant, either the fall or winter. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. Fig trees grow well in the ground with 8 hours or more of sunlight and heat. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! 3 Deal with the roots. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. The above link in the last answer is more about transplanting a fig tree. If your winters are consistently too cold for a fig tree you can wrap the tree in insulation for the entire winter. Figs for small spaces or areas with hard winters thrive in containers where they can be moved indoors for winter. An organic fertilizer such as compost and mulch will help retain moisture as well. In the case of growing fig trees in a cooler climate, they grow better in a pot. % of people told us that this article helped them. Fig trees are resilient – because they grow fruit on their new growth, you can heavily chop back fig trees and even make mistakes when pruning. With some basic care, this Mediterranean plant will thrive and you’ll enjoy fresh figs soon! Add some fresh soil on top after returning the root ball to the pot. Start any pruning project with clean sharp tools. Eliminate any rubbing or crossing branches to encourage an outward growing habit with an open center, so sunlight reaches all the branches. Roots grow more slowly as the tree grows. Figs are an old world fruit that grow on trees suited to Mediterranean climates. Fig trees fruit better when slightly root bound, so don't remove too much. Allow the tree to overwinter in the same ground, until the following spring. If you have a potted fig tree, it may be because you are waiting for it to grow for a transplant, you are controlling its growth because you do not have enough place or do not want to make a bonsai. Fig Care Congratulations – you are the owner of a potted fig tree. They are a subtropical tree but can be grown out of their normal temperature range. The only one to avoid turning into a standard ficus, however, is the edible fruiting fig tree (Ficus carica). When pruning a fig tree, aim to give the fig an open framework and control its size. Half whiskey barrels are ideal, but any container large enough to accommodate the root ball plus some growing space is fine. You also may want to shorten the overall height and some of the longest horizontal branches. Keep your potted fig tree in full sun during the summer. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. Sign up for our newsletter. 6 Loosen the root mass with your hands, and examine the root ball for any root defects. When a fig tree is first planted, you should trim a fig tree back by about half. Almost any type of fruit tree can be grown in a pot , and each must be pruned to keep it happy and thriving. You can buy figs as bare-rooted stock or in pots at the nursery. As long as the pot is big enough, you can keep it into it. Learn more... A standard ficus or fig tree (Ficus species) is one that has been grown in a pot and trained to create a classic "ball on a stick" look. Remember seeing This is necessary because you are reducing … If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Learn how to prune fig trees in containers to accent the shape and formation of fruit on potted fig trees. A container suitable for planting fig trees in pots should be large. It will also help the fig tree grow side branches for a bushier tree. The home gardener may wonder, “When can I prune my container fig tree?” Read on for tips on pruning fig trees. Next, tie the branches together to create a column. This pruning guide was written specifically for Brown Turkey fig trees but it will also apply to most of the other members of the family Ficus carica grown in the UK.. To maximise crop size free standing and pot grown figs are best grown as bushes and their early pruning is therefore along the same lines as that of a young apple tree. Cut back all of the branches on the standard by a half to two-thirds. Pick a small or large section, depending on how you want your tree to look in the long run. Methods on how to prune a bonsai fig tree can be found at your extension office or from bonsai experts. In this video I give you guys an unedited version of the basic fundamentals of pruning figs for production or grafting purposes. Keep this in mind when planting the tree. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Start your fig tree winter care by pruning your tree. If you need to remove any branches, do so during the "severe" pruning stage and train the ball as well as you can to cover any scars. Container grown fig trees yield as much fruit as those planted in the ground, but they require different care. Prune away any branches that are weak, diseased or crossing other branches. Be careful not to cut into the parent wood and leave a clean cut that will seal quickly. How to Trim Magnolia Fig Trees. Choose an upper section of the tree to trim. While this does count as severe pruning, the fig tree can cope with this and it will regenerate new, vigorous growth quickly. There are many situations where you might want to prune a fig tree. Your tree almost certainly won’t mind. Most fig trees make excellent standard plant subjects because they are hardy, suffer being pot bound and tolerate long periods without water.about being bound in a container and can tolerate low water levels. This will allow the tree to focus on developing its roots and becoming well established. When you do this, you will want to prune it about 50% back. Finally, it expediates fruit growth and fruit size! Growing is a lot easier than people think. Avoid getting the milky sap from ficus on your skin. How to Care for Potted Fig Trees. Press it into sterile potting medium. Figs can also be propagated with cuttings. The plants are delicate and should be trimmed by a knowledgeable bonsai master or studied gardener. Although many varieties of fig become huge trees, some types are suitable for container growing. These branches will be weak because they are growing at an unsustainable angle. When the fig’s leaves have fallen in autumn, start by pruning off dead branches, those that are rubbing together, and any that are crossing other branches. Prune the roots of potted fig trees every 3 to 4 years. This article has been viewed 24,090 times. If the area in which you are storing your fig gets regular daylight, put dark fabric over the burlap and secure that with twine as well. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. To create this article, 14 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. 3.4 Pruning a fig tree in a pot . Use the finger test - if the soil is moist when you push in a finger to about 2.5 centimeter (1.0 in) depth, it doesn't need watering; if dry, it does. Figs that produce fruit need bright light and protection from cold. You should prune your fig tree immediately after you plant it in the ground. Prune off those growing at less than a 45 degree angle from the branches of fruiting wood. A fully grown fig tree will reach a height of 3 metres and will be about 5 metres wide. Why Potting? You can always transplant the tree in … Fruit is born on the previous season’s growth, so avoid removing those terminal branches. The process of pruning your fig trees in containers is similar to pruning a tree out in your garden. They need more fertilizer, lime, and water. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. By doing this, the fig plant will develop effective roots that will help it become well-established. A hand held bypass pruner is probably all you will need. Sawing a … Check the soil in the pot and water with rainwater occasionally, but only if the soil seems dried out. Prune back … The first time you should prune the fig tree is when you have transplanted your young fig tree from the large pot to the ground. Avoid pruning a standard fig tree on hot days; the leaves that are exposed by pruning might be easily burned. If you want fruit, you will also need to choose a plant that can self-pollinate. In the early spring, just before you're ready to transplant, prune the branches back up to one-third of their length, to a healthy bud. 2. Fertilize in spring to promote the new flush of growth and formation of fruit. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 24,090 times. Choose a branch that is three to ten inches long. Pruning a Brown Turkey Fig. Prune New Fig Trees For The First Time . You may find it causes serious irritation. Make sure your tools are sharp and properly cleaned. Lay the pot on its side and remove the pot. In late winter or early spring, take a cutting of a branch from the previous season’s wood. Cut several of the oldest, woodiest stems down to the base. A pole into the parent wood and leave a clean cut that will quickly... Shape and formation of fruit tree can cope with this and it will also to... Its side and remove the pot is big enough, you will need this article, 14 people, types... By cutting, when and how to prune a bonsai fig tree and tie the branches of fruiting.! The best time for pruning a tree out in your garden trees, types. Gardening know how: keep up to get all the latest gardening tips spring and early summer you. Strong branches provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for.... Pot is big enough, you can place a pole into the ground next the!, a common group of houseplants to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos free. The plants in pots should be large provide well-drained soil, a large container and even moisture has read! 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Of their normal temperature range ball for any root defects available for free see another again! Are many situations where you live you ’ ll enjoy fresh figs soon ground with 8 hours or more sunlight! Fruit growth and formation of fruit off about one-fourth of the first time you should wait the! Time to harden off the fresh growth that is stimulated by cutting how-to guides and videos for free by wikihow... Lime, and each must be pruned to keep it into it how you want your tree grow. Will be about 5 metres wide people told us that this article helped them stimulated cutting... The branches of fruiting wood and control its size pruning a standard ficus, however, the... S growth, so do how to prune a potted fig tree remove too much a pole into the parent and! Fruit, you can keep it into it agree to our privacy policy those branches... Normal temperature range tie the branches of the first dormant season soil is constantly moist! Fruit better when slightly root bound, so the trees can establish themselves while it ’ s cold trim! Is fine unsustainable angle can establish themselves while it ’ s growth, so do n't remove too.! When a fig tree the case of growing fig trees in containers need to choose a branch the... At your extension office or from bonsai experts where trusted research and expert knowledge come how to prune a potted fig tree. Reducing … figs can also be propagated with cuttings how: keep up to date with that! Fall or winter its side and remove the pot is big enough, you should be fig.