Newcomb L. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Lewis Publishers (an imprint of CRC Press). What Horsenettle Looks Like Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Toxic Plants of Texas (B-6105), Collection: Brush and Weeds, Toxics, Wild Flowers, Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. As in all noxious nightshades, the fruits of Carolina Horse-nettle contain solanine glycoalkaloids that cause severe gastrointestinal distress in humans. The reason for the question was, apparently a friend of this person bought some really clean hay, fed it to their horses… Grazon P+D is a restricted-use herbicide. Plant management is an ideal form of prevention of Carolina horsenettle poisoning. It is thought the glycoalkaloids are responsible for the clinical signs associated with the gastrointestinal tract, and the alkaloids are associated with the signs in the central nervous system. Habitat: 10 Acres, in overgrown area, with trees, bushes, tall grass, and natural water feature several feet away. Using this photo This photo and associated text may not be used except with express written permission from Dean Kelch. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. Avoid including the mature plants in hay, silage or green chop. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution Its leaves are coarsely toothed or lobed. The fruits are benefical to wildlife. It is a lavender to purple flower with stamens that look like a … common names Carolina Horse-nettle (CF, ITIS ) Look for Jepson Manual treatments, maps (University & Jepson Herbaria) View Calflora record for Solanum carolinense; ... For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Genevieve Walden Genevieve.Walden[AT]cdfa.ca.gov. If you know you have this plant in your field, you may need to buy clean hay to prevent your horse from ingesting it. On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. However, quail, prairie chickens and wild turkeys consume the mature fruit and seeds. Stinging nettle is among these green friends. The berries should be harvested when … Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Solanum carolinense US Wildflower - Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato - Solanum carolinense. Horse Nettle Herbicides w/o Residuals - posted in Weed and Pest Management: Got a horse customer that relayed a story to me the other day out of concern that I use herbicides on my Timothy hay. Adjacent to 10 acres. This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. ... horse nettle. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family.It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … Chemical control strategies may be warranted in fields or pastures infested with dense populations. This plant grows across the eastern part of Texas and the entire eastern half of the United States. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Once the central nervous system is affected, your horse may experience permanent side effects. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. University of Tennessee research has shown that the optimum time for application of these herbicides is at the flowering stage, prior to formation of berries. The comment was, how soon do you spray before you cut the hay? Carolina Horse Nettle is a Herb. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. We have not provided sufficient information for the safe medicinal use of any of these herbs, nor sufficient information for treatment of poisoning. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. Notes: Thanks for the ID dferris1! All the flowers in this post were found while hiking the trails of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge, located in … Nightshades contain glycoalkaloids, which are broken down in the body to sugars and alkaloids. Horse nettle has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative, most probably first by American Indians. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. Solanum carolinense. Adverse EffectsHorse nettle contains solanine, a toxic alkaloid. The stamens form a yellow cone in the middle of the flower. Arco Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1977. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. DescriptionHorse nettle, a prickly plant, has violet, star-shaped flowers in small clusters. ... Solanum carolinense L. – Carolina horsenettle Subordinate Taxa. Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. Because of its many spines, the forage value of Carolina horse nettle is poor for wildlife and livestock. On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. African Americans in the South once usedthe root and berries for seizures and menstrual problems (Le Strange 1977). Horse nettle is spreading in my flower garden. The clustered flowers are pale violet to white and give rise to spherical fruit. All recreational use of these herbs is dangerous. Each of its mostly oval leaves has several large teeth or shallow lobes on both sides. Ingestion of the unripe fruit causes abdominal pain and can cause circulatory and respiratory depression (Lewis 1998). Herb: Horse Nettle Latin name: Solanum carolinense Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. Lewis’ Dictionary of Toxicology. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Solanum carolinense; Carolina Horse-nettle (view details) Contributors • Log In . Wildflowers of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge / July 9, 2019 by Todd Henson. References Lewis RA. Apply 0.6 to 0.9 pound a.i./acre of Grazon P+D® as a broadcast treatment or a 1 percent solution as an individual plant treatment when plants begin to flower in the spring. Because of the intense competition among plants and their root systems, this plant is less aggressive in prairie habitats than in disturbed sites around developed areas. Carolina Horse Nettle. Hay and silage containing the mature plants have been associated with poisoning and deaths. It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … Scott Frazier 6 years ago. Boca Raton, Florida, 1998:960-961. It grows 1 to 3 feet high. Disclaimer Information on this website is for educational purposes only. All parts of horse nettle are poisonous, and ingestion of the fruit can cause death. Carolina Horse Nettle Wildflower - Solanum carolinense. Information on this website is for educational purposes only. Download preview. Tweet; Description: Found amongst trees, high grass. Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. It grows 1 to 3 feet high. Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1977. Plant database entry for Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) with 15 images, 2 comments, and 39 data details. Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Tweet; Description: Member of nightshade family not a true nettle. It is found mostly in sandy soils in fields, open woodlands and waste places. Carolina horsenettle. The star-shaped hair and seeds of this plant are readily identifiable in the gastrointestinal contents of acutely poisoned animals by microscopic techniques. Horse nettle, like many plants in the nightshade family, contains solanine, a glycoalkaloid that irritates the oral and gastric mucosa and affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls various internal organs. See Adverse Effects. Be sure to thoroughly read the herbicide label prior to application. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. I clip off the yellow berries when they appear and try to pull out plants, but they break off and roots remain in the ground. Nettle has long been recognized for its bounty of nutrition as well as its sting. 1 Species ID Suggestions +2. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant.It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Plant Names (Nomenclature) You can also view a clickable map. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders[4, 207]. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. And indeed, stinging nettle leaf uses are many and plentiful, offering a wonderful herbal resource for families. Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense, here is a common plant that can be found in your garden but beware the tomato-like berries are poisonous. Flame weeding doesn’t kill the weed either … Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. Such spines, which are also characteristic of the true nettles (Urticaceae), give Horse-nettle its name; the "horse" part indicates the plant often grows in pastures. This member of the tomato or nightshade family (Solanaceae) is native to eastern North America but has spread to other locations. Carolina horse nettle. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. CAROLINA HORSE NETTLE: (Solanum carolinense). Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family Solanaceae (potato family) Habitat Perennial weed of disturbed soils and unused areas along roads and field edges especially of the southern States. Folk medicine and lore worldwide attributes the powers of protection and fertility to this incredible plant. Horse nettle is a nightshade. It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. The fruit is about › inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes uniformly yellow. Solanum species show a wide range of growing … Current Medicinal UsesHorse nettle is not commonly used medicinally today. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. 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