Bauxite deposits mostly occur associated with laterite capping on the hill plateaus at elevations varying from 700 and 2100 m. Mineral production in India is dominated by bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, limestone and zinc. 4.4. Vedanta Alumina signed the joint venture agreement with the OMC in 2003 for developing bauxite mines at the Niyamgiri hill near Lanjigarh for use in its one-million-tonne alumina refinery being set up at a cost of Rs.4,000 crores. State-run Odisha Mining Corporation (OMC) owns the mining lease of Kodingamali bauxite mines, and production is expected to start soon.document.write("");googletag.cmd.push(function(){googletag.defineOutOfPageSlot('/6516239/outofpage_1x1_desktop','div-gpt-ad-1490771277198-0').addService(googletag.pubads());googletag.pubads().enableSyncRendering();googletag.enableServices();}); "We will make arrangements for bauxite supplies to Vedanta plant from OMC's Kodingamali mines. "The major issue was regarding recognition of a union leader. The bauxite will be then carried to the primary crusher hopper or dump at the ROM bauxite stockpile. The herbaceous flora consist of Curcuma sps, Zingiber sps., Phrynium placentarum, Hedychium sps., many ferns and orchids. The company had illegally suspended the operations in mid-October at Bicholim mines which they have now revoked. Shri Subhash Chandra Swain, Conservator of Forests, Kalahandi Circle. 1 2n 2). Undertake a rapid appraisal of the area to review the profile of the project and the ecological context. Despite the fact that the directives from MOEF required adherence to stringent timeline of three months for the completion of the study, WII team initiated the above studies with the following objectives: i. In Raygada division a leopard and wolf pugmarks are also recorded in patraguda beat of Muniguda Rnage. After the Niyamgiri mines fiasco, the state government is now proposing to link the bauxite from the Kodingamali mines, which has a reserve of 100 million tonne, to the Lanjigarh plant. Figure 3 shows classified forest cover map in the categories of dense, open and scrub forests of Niyamgiri and its linkages with two adjoining project areas – Karlapat WLS on north -west and Kotagarh WLS in north-east. The area proposed for clearing of trees for alignment of road also harbours giant squirrel a highly endangered canopy dwelling species that inhabit specialized habitats characterized by closed canopy forests. While the refinery in Lanjigarh has been built, it depends on bauxite brought by train and truck from far away. Mine site preparation and access of road to hill to involve removal of prime vegetation cover from Niyamgiri RF, Nimagiri PRF, Khambesi RF and Jungle Block PF. Earlier, the aluminium major had argued that it located the refinery at Lanjigarh keeping in view the abundance of bauxite in and around the area. Odisha’s state government will be supplying raw material to the Vedanta alumina refinery at Lanjigarh in Kalahandi district from the government-owned Kodingamali bauxite mines in Koraput district. We were informed by the local people that a group of 5 to 7 elephants were present in that area around five days ago for which during were recorded by us. The team however, has been informed that there are several large bauxite deposits that are occurring in the non-forest areas of Kalahandi and Raygada districts. Bauxite, the most common among aluminium ores is the product of weathering of different aluminium rocks and is mined in many countries the world over near 98% bauxite is mined in tropical regions and those with Mediterranean climate. The mining plan proposes excavation of 78 million tons of overburden. Anogeissus latifolia, Buchanania lanzan, Dalbergia latifolia, Diospyros melanoxylon, Kydia clycina and Madhuca longifolia etc. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance. This report is restricted in scope to assess the impacts that are likely to affect forest structure, use pattern of wildlife species occupying the area and the quality of the wildlife habitats that harbour diverse floral and faunal species. The economies of majority of tribes are forest based, agriculture, labor and domestic animal husbandry. In-principle clearance for 660.749 ha of forestland for mining was granted on December 11, 2008. The proposed deposit has a sickle shape and is located-between 190 38’ to 190 41’ N Latitude and 830 22’ to 830 25’ E Longitude on Niyamgiri hill range. Bauxite supplies can take off once production starts from the mines", said Odisha's steel & mines minister Prafulla Mallick. 12th gram sabha too votes against Vedanta mining. This includes 672.018 ha of forest land in two Forest Divisions – Raygada and Kalahandi (south) in the civil district of Raygada and Kalahandi, Orissa and a 49,305 ha of non- forest land. 4.5 Socio economic characteristics of the area. The Orissa Mining Corporation Limited has entered into an agreement with M/s Vedanta Almunium Limited, a subsidiary company of M/s Sterlite Industries (India) Limited to develop the Bauxite mine at Lanjigarh as a captive mine to supply 3.0 million tons of bauxite to Aluminium Refinery Plant of Vedanta Alumina Limited also located at Lanjigarh. In February 2018, the Odisha state cabinet approved long-term bauxite linkage policy that would help alumina refineries, such as Vedanta's Lanjigarh, source bauxite from state-owned Odisha Mining Corporation (OMC). Daspatnaik 1984 have illustrated an account on this tribe of Niyamgiri hills. S. P. Nanda, Forest Secretary, Govt. These are : geomorphologic changes, landscape changes, loss of forests; land degradation; loss of flora and fauna; loss of habitat; geo-hydrological and drainage changes; land vibration, shocks, blasting and noise; air quality reduction, water quality reduction; disruption of socio-economic dependencies and public health hazards etc. During monitoring of tiger, co-predator and herbivore estimation from 18.01.2006 to 23.01.2006 in Niyamgiri RF, Pugmarks of leopard and leopard with cub, sloth bear and hyena have been recorded as reported by DFO, Kalahandi (South) Forest Division. L&T had got the prospecting licence for Sijimali and Kutrumali bauxite mines in 1992. Unavailability of bauxite meant the company's Lanjigarh alumina factory would languish from raw material crunch. Mining on this mineralized plateau will impact these aquifers in their discharges. Chinese gear maker SSNP files case against Vedanta for 'losses' due to work stoppage at Lanjigarh alumina refinery 25 Sep, 2012, 12.52 AM IST. iii. There are large number of other endangered wildlife in the region that are represented by tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wolf, pangolin, palm civet, gaur, giant squirrel, mouse deer, barking deer, four horned antelope, sambar etc. A site inspection of the project area was undertaken by the Chief Conservator of Forests (Central), Bhubaneswar, Regional Office of the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), Gol. Copyrights © 2021 Business Standard Private Ltd. All rights reserved. STUDIES ON IMPACT OF PROPOSED LANJIGARH BAUXITE MINING ON BIODIVERSITY INCLUDING WILDLIFE AND ITS HABITAT, Evaluation of the impacts of proposed Lanjigarh bauxite mine on wildlife values of the area. "We will be able to go for public auction by first week of September," Mallick said. According to the estimation of elephants in May 2002, there are 179 elephants in the proposed Elephant Reserve covering areas of five forest divisions. Vedanta is also planning to mine bauxite in the area via its subsidiary company, Sterlite Industries India Ltd. 1. There will be a fear of reduction of surface and ground water discharges in Vansadhara and Nagaveli rivers. This report also highlighted concern on the aspects of land degradation and soil erosion which may alter rain water flow and natural drainage systems. This will also create interference with resource availability to wildlife species and thereby further restrict use of area by wildlife species. Vedanta is also planning to mine bauxite in the area via its subsidiary company, Sterlite Industries India Ltd. The shrubs Helecteres isora, Holarrhena antidysenterica, Lagestronemia parviflora and woodfordia fruticosa, etc. Long term impacts to conservation prospects. 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