Since 1919, 362 bridges, sixty-five stations, and 255 miles of new lines have been constructed in Estonia. This network of narrow-gauge railways south and south-west of Tallinn is thus extensive, and not only affords easy access to the resorts on the coast, but also serves the farming community inland. In spite of this, they still seem to be as numerous as ever in Germany. In 1991, the railways of the Baltic region were once again divided into separate railway companies. Above is a 2-8-0 engine, one of the some hundred locomotives in operation on the narrow gauge lines. An unusual 2-4-4 tank locomotive built at Prague by the Skoda works. This was changed back by Soviets in 1944. Keila (seventeen miles) on this line is the junction for the broad-gauge line to Haapsalu and Rohukula, a total length of seventy miles from the capital. What makes this railway museum quite interesting is that it is in a railway station itself and offers you a direct interface with the world of Lithuanian railways and its extensive history. Such vehicles are owned by the German, Polish, and Russian railways, as well as by those operating in the three Baltic states. In the old days of the Great Western broad gauge in England, the difference was too great to allow for anything of this kind to be evolved in a practical form even had it occurred to anyone. The second-class. Memorializing History’s Dark Corners With Absurdity Keith Lowe Visits Lithuania's Grutas Park ... Grūtas Park in Lithuania contains a collection of monuments dedicated to some of the greatest monsters of the 20th century, including a statue of Joseph Stalin. Electrification is used only for commuter traffic between Vilnius - Kaunas, Vilnius - Trakai and Vilnius - Minsk as well from late 2017. Tallinn is the chief port, as well as the capital of Estonia. On Monday, the European Commission announced its decision to fine Lithuanian Railways more than 27 million for abusing its dominant position. The steam locomotives are almost equally divided between broad and narrow gauges. the Lithuanian railways); no single Lithuanian railway passenger died during the last fifteen years, etc. By reason of her uniformity in the matter of rail gauge with Central and Western Europe, Lithuania is much less isolated than Estonia, though she is in a correspondingly bad position where the broad gauge countries are concerned. Say hello to the only railway museum in Lithuania – its situated in Vilnius, at the city’s train station and it offers a thorough look into the past of the country’s railways. Paper making is one of the oldest industries in the country, one paper mill having existed in Tallinn as early as 1647. Kovno forms an interesting link with Napoleon’s “Grande Armée”, which, on June 23, 1812, reached the left bank of the Niemen opposite the city. The trunk line south from Tallinn to Riga goes east to Tapa and then south through Tartu, to the Latvian border at Valga. The importance of the railways to the Lithuanian can hardly be exaggerated, particularly of the lines leading to Memel, the country’s outlet to the Baltic Sea. Oil is the main freight item carried.[5]. Many kinds of raw materials also supply traffic to the railways leading inland from Memel; coal, cement and metals form the bulk of these imports. As part of the development of the Rail Baltica line through Lithuania, more than 15 sites are being investigated daily for the suitability of each location. The net result of these warlike activities is that to-day, while the Estonian railways are undeniably Russian in origin, those of Lithuania appear to be equally undeniably German. In 1920, Poland seized the city and territories of Vilna (Wilno), with their considerable mileage of railway. There was no alternative to converting the entire system of main lines to standard 4 ft 8½ in gauge. On the line to Narva and the Russian border the most important junction is at Tapa (forty-eight miles from Tallinn), where the line from Riga joins it. About a mile from the town is the Estonian National Museum at Raadi, which houses paintings and sculpture. Thanks to Stefan Bartholomae. Lithuania Rail Travel Map showing major locations and routes through the country. best they could. Many of the locomotives in Estonia are of Russian origin. Less than thirty per cent live in towns, and of the eighteen towns ten have fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. The surrounding country is covered by forests, and the soil is such that fog and dew are unknown, so that the air is dry, and the resort is frequented by visitors in search of health. Sunbathe on the beach in beautiful Klaipeda. This important southern link joins the capital with the line running eastward through Simnas and Alytus to Varena over the Polish frontier. A new line, sixty miles long, has been constructed from Rapla to Virtsu Sadam, which is on the coast about midway between Haapsalu and Pärnu. The times are approximate but fast and slow trains in Lithuania do not deviate that much from each other, so you shouldn't expect the real travel time to be more than … Check it out here! The Germans were defeated, an armistice was signed, and a peace treaty was made with Russia on February 2, 1920. In 2006 Lithuanian Railways transported 6.2 million passengers and 50 million tonnes of freight. It is only fair to add that by far the fastest running is that behind the German State Railway locomotives through the Polish Corridor and East Prussia. [From part 41, published 8 November 1935], [Read the previous article in this part]     [Read the next article in this part]. The practice itself is remarkable: the company dismantled 19 km of railway connecting Lithuania and Latvia to prevent a major customer from using the services of a competitor. In 1940 the USSR occupied Lithuania, and railway activities were reorganized and all the agreements of Lithuania concluded with the neighbouring countries were terminated. Interrail Lithuania Pass. Railways helped the Tsar crush Polish-Lithuanian rebellions of the mid-nineteenth century, facilitated the Bolsheviks’ defeat of other parties in the Russian Civil War, and allowed the post-Soviet Russian government to deal with Chechen insurgency in the 1990s. news Rail Baltica carries out site investigations for line expansion. In Lithuania the best trains run at night. After leaving Tapa on this line there is a junction at Tamsalu, nine miles from Tapa and fifty-seven miles from Tallinn, with a narrow-gauge line running to Türi, thirty-eight miles south-west. Ordinary Lithuanian rolling stock, similarly to the locomotives, is of essentially German design and construction, the passenger coaches consisting of modern and convenient corridor and compartment vehicles. Since 1919 the Estonians have built 255 miles of new lines of both gauges, 362 bridges, and sixty-five stations. But any such view would reckon without the war of 1914-18. The mud is a soft pulpy mass bluish grey in colour, and its curative properties are due principally to sulphuric compositions. We strive to provide you most actual and useful offers from us and/or our chosen business partners, so we constantly analyze newsletter reading dynamics and improve our news' content! A feature of the north coast is the steep limestone bank which falls abruptly into the sea. These lines are operated by some 245 locomotives, of which 169 are on the standard gauge main lines. The story of Estonia is interesting. The most fashionable resort on the Gulf of Riga is Pärnu, a town of 72,000 inhabitants, which is linked with Tallinn by a narrow-gauge railway. The railways have developed Haapsalu and other resorts by providing an efficient train service. Belarusian Railway transported over 1 million containers TEU in 2020, up by 1.4 times compared to the same period of 2019. Based on earlier DR1P. Twin-section version of M62. The well-known Prussian “P8” class 4-6-0 general service loco-motives, which in their day have been one of the best all-round classes on the Continent, have naturally penetrated to Lithuania. Join and get the news first! Altogether, the Lithuanian cars, built in Germany, are much pleasanter vehicles to travel in than the ex-Russian coaches in Estonia; for, though the latter are roomy and lofty, they are built with a stern economy in the matter of window space, and the effect of an average interior is somewhat depressing. At that time, the entire route was effectively under Russian control, so the line was built to the Russian gauge of 1524mm. The first railway in the country was built in 1870 between Tallinn and Narva, as part of the Russian Imperial plan to link Tallinn (Reval as it then was) with what was then St. Petersburg and the capital of Russia and is now Leningrad. Subclass 2M62UM have new engines. This the Germans, when they occupied the country, succeeded in doing, with the help of their own numerous locomotives and vehicles. Layers of mud, used as a remedy for certain complaints, have been formed on the Baltic coast, opposite the island of Saaremaa. The development of oil shale began in 1919 and the output rose from 46,125 tons in 1920 to 588,958 tons in 1934. Founded by a Danish king in 1219 and held successively by Danes, Germans, Swedes and Russians, its history is reflected in its architecture. imposing. Country Guides France Germany. The museum is a part of Vilnius railway station, a historic building built in 1861. en The product concerned is as defined in the original investigation: Certain iron or steel fasteners, other than of stainless steel, i.e. Its total weight is 63 tons and has an overall length of 51 ft. Leaving Pasvalys the line runs to Birzai, near the Latvian frontier. In 1933-34 the railways showed a credit balance and were beginning to pay their way after a few years of depression. 68 km of narrow gauge, serving five stations, are regularly used, employing 12 locomotives. The first line in Estonia was opened in 187O between Tallinn and Narva. Very nice for adults and children. We didn't pay as we had a valid ticket of Lithuanian railways and this made the trick. These rail-cars augment the ordinary train services and are capable of fairly high speeds. Kaunas, or Kovno, is an important centre of Lithuania’s railway system. Tallinn was formerly called Reval. Eur pelno", http://vz.lt/rinkos/2015/10/14/vertingiausios-baltijos-saliu-imones-sarase-trys-is-lietuvos, Baltic states under Soviet rule (1944–91), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lithuanian_Railways&oldid=994961700, 1860 establishments in the Russian Empire, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. By using EU financing, the project will be completed until 2022. Helpful. Kovno has a romantic story and is supposed to have been founded about the thirteenth century. Snowplough and headlights are the same as later 2M62 have. The line between Tallinn antl Haapsalu has a short mileage electrified. Another line goes east from Lelle to Türi (ten miles) and then north-east to Tamsalu, where it links with the trunk line from Tallinn to Tartu, as stated earlier in this chapter. The Lithuanian State Railways have in operation on their lines some 245 locomotives. Useful newsletter! In parallel, significant investments started from 2014 in development of 1435 mm rail network, which in Baltics and Poland is called “Rail Baltica”. The next significant era of its existence saw Lithuania as a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Lithuania has chosen to electrify using 25 kV 50 Hz AC. The line included a stretch from Daugavpils–Vilnius–Kaunas–Virbalis which was started in 1858 and finished in 1860. Narva, 130 miles from Tallinn, is an ancient city on the Narva River, with an Estonian castle and a Russian fortress. The export of crude oil is expanding. The shore below the bank is composed of fine white sand. There is a large number of the smaller towns in Lithuania that are not yet served directly by a broad or a narrow gauge line; a road system links these outlying districts with towns along the route, thus enabling produce from the farms spread about the countryside to be marketed in Lithuania’s towns and in the centres of export. The fire-box is designed to burn mixed fuel of wood and coal. The Lithuanians have found the modern light rail-car an invaluable asset to their secondary passenger traffic on rural and branch lines, and numbers of excellent little Diesel rail-cars with electrical transmission have recently been placed in service. A British squadron came to the aid of the Estonians and put an end to attacks by the Russian navy, while the Estonian troops cleared the Russians out of the country. The line included a stretch from Daugavpils–Vilnius–Kaunas–Virbalis which was started in 1858 and finished in 1860. Domestic trains in Lithuania: Trains in Lithuania are mainly operated by LGT Link. THE railways of Estonia are, with few exceptions, owned and managed by the State. With a reserve of water power to generate electricity, and with vast deposits of peat and oil shale, Estonia does not need to import oil or fuel. The third-class coaches have wooden seats, but they are well designed and not uncomfortable for journeys of limited duration. The maximum fine for the Lithuanian railway company is expected to be an estimated EUR 35 million. Vilnius Railway Station is the largest station in the country and the main hub for rail traffic. THE RAILWAY SYSTEM of Lithuania consists of 755 miles of standard gauge track and 317 miles of narrow-gauge rural light railways. BUILT FOR LITHUANIA. Naturally the Lithuanian engines are, more modern in every way, and greatly surpass the old Bavarian type in boiler power and general efficiency. Another still more recent line, dating from 1932, is that between Kuziai, north-west of Schlavi, and Kretinga, north of Klaipedii (Memel). The railway station at Tallinn was built by the Russians. Rapla, thirty-four miles south of Tallinn, is the junction for various towns on this system, which serves the country south and south-west of the capital. Lithuanian passenger railway services scheme with times necessary to get between stations marked. In Lithuania, as on the standard gauge lines in the south of Latvia, Prussian-built 4-4-0 passenger locomotives are in evidence on main-line workings. About nine-tenths of the people are Estonians, most of the other tenth being Russians, with Germans, and Swedes forming the remainder. The Ulila Power Station is owned by the municipality of Tartu and serves the south-eastern part of Estonia. It is bordered on the north by the Gulf of Finland, on the west by the Baltic and the Gulf of Riga, and on the south by Latvia. ON LOCAL ESTONIAN LINES Diesel-driven rail-cars have been introduced by the State Railways Administration. The water of the sheltered bay often has a temperature of between 70 and 80 degrees F, which is almost that of the ocean in the tropics, and the climate in summer is mild, the temperature varying but little. Tallinn lies on the north coast; Narva, in the east, is near the Russian frontier, and on the broad gauge line to Leningrad. Tour the capital, Vilnius, and stroll the cobblestone streets of Old Town. Equipped with new, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 13:15. In Eastern Europe, the break of gauge in the Baltic States and all down the Polish frontier is being combated by the use of ingenious design of goods wagon, which can be converted from the 4 ft 8½ in to the 5 ft gauge within a short space of time. The length of railway lines in Lithuania totals 1868,8 km including 1520 mm track-1745.8 km and 1435 mm track – 123 km. As there is no coal in the country the development of the industry of extracting oil from shale has solved the fuel problem of the railways. The buildings cling to the slopes of the river banks, and the green cathedral hill is laid out as a park. The Simnas line is also carried in a south-westerly direction to the Polish town of Sowalki. On the Baltic this was at first impossible, as the German stock would not run on the 5 ft gauge lines. After all, slowness on a night train has its compensations over relatively short distances, for it often means that the passenger leaves the train at a fairly comfortable hour in the morning instead of in the small hours. Haapsalu, on the west coast and sixty-four miles from Tallinn, is one of the best-known summer resorts on the Baltic because of its mild climate, its beach, and its curative mud. 2008-10-08 Updates: Estonia: Freight only line Musta - Auvere closed. 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