Gallagher (11739) 3. The apostrophe that usually follows the O actually comes from a misunderstanding by English-speaking clerks in Elizabethan time, who interpreted it as a form of the word "of." Mullin (1966). Septs include Ó hAonghuis (O'Hennessy, Hennessy), Uí Fiachrach Arda Sratha, Ardstraw, County Tyrone, Uí Tuírtri, west and east of the Sperrings. The most common of all Irish names, the Murphy surname can be found in all four provinces. The two principal families of Uí Briúin Bréifne were the O'Rourkes and O'Reillys, who after a great battle in 1256, split the kingdom into East Bréifne and West Bréifne. The Uí Meic Uais are cited as having several branches; Yet the following are cited by Francis Byrne as being collectively known as the Uí Meic Uais, though groups of this name are also noted in the midland regions: The Uí Tuirtri descend from Fiachu Tort, a son of Colla Uais. The name came into use to describe the Welsh people who came to Ireland during the Anglo-Norman invasions. In Ulster, a Kelly sept, claiming descent from Colla, the 4th century King of Ulster, was based in south Derry. A must for anyone with Scots-Irish, Ulster-Scots or Anglo-Irish ancestry. The Uí Nialláin, or Clan Cernaich, descend from Nialláin, son of Féicc, son of Feidelmid, who was the son of Fiachra Cassán. Dunne is the most common surname in Laois, where the family originated. Three distinct O Connell clans, located in the provinces of Connacht, Ulster, and Munster, are the originators of many of the Connell families in Clare, Galway, Kerry. Irish Names and Surnames 1923 SCOT— XII — Scot , Scott; English 'the Scot,' i.e., the Scotchman, an immigrant from Scotland; an old surname in Ireland, but rare until the plantation of Ulster. The Fir Rois were located in the barony of Farney, County Monaghan, and in the barony of Ardee, County Louth, and in Meath. The greatest concentration of Doyles is in Leinster, Roscommon, Wexford, and Wicklow. Kelly was known as a surname in Scotland long before the 19th century immigration really established the name there; there was a Kelly sept attached to Clan Donald. Like Hays it is often used as an anglicisation of the old Irish name O’ hAodha “decendant of Hugh” The Ulster septs of O’ hAodha who anglicised as Hughes were originally found in … The Uí Tuírtri territory would expand into the lands north of Lough Neagh as they were driven eastwards by the Northern Uí Néill about the 10th century. Sometimes modified to Shay. Surnames which occurred more than once in a County are … Descendants of the O Conor kings of Connacht, the Reillys are primarily from Cavan, Cork, Longford, and Meath. This Irish family was very widespread, settling in Fermanagh, Galway, Kerry, Kilkenny, and Westmeath. Ulster-Scots / Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Genealogy It is necessary to give separate understanding to the research of Ulster-Scots roots. But first, here are a few tips for your family research: Researching Your Irish Family History. From Ceann, the Irish word for head, the name Ó Cuinn means intelligent. The Ó Riain and Ryan families of Ireland are primarily from Carlow and Tipperary, where Ryan is the most common surname. Mullin and J.E. Smyth (9802) 8. The Uí Echach descend from Echach the grandson of Fiachra Cassán. The genealogies given for the Fernmag claim they descend from Fergusa, the son of Nadsluaig, who was one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait. Doherty. Thomson is most common in Down. The Uí Méith territory spanned northern County Louth, eastern County Armagh, and later in County Monaghan. ", A Norman family who came to Ireland in 1170, the Fitzgeralds (spelled Mac Gearailt in parts of Ireland) claimed vast holdings in Cork, Kerry, Kildare, and Limerick. Their ancestry is cited as being from Tuathal, a son of Daimíne, making them part of the Síl nDaimini. Airthir (barony of Lower and Upper Orior), meaning 'east', was one of the main branches of the Síl Fiachra Cassán until the 8th century when it split into the main septs of the Uí Nialláin, the Uí Bressail, and the Uí Echdach. The following terms are noted in the Annals to describe or group the clans and septs that would descend from Rochad: The Clann Nadsluaig descend from Nadsluag, one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait, and part of the Síl Daim Argait. By the 12th century, the Cianachta would be conquered by the Ó Cathaín. One of the principal chiefs of the Uí Tuírtri was the O'Lynns, who ruled from Lough Insholin, Desertmartin, County Londonderry - the name of which is preserved in the modern barony of Loughinsholin. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. A link to the Norman and Cambro-Norman surnames … The kingdom of Bréifne region remained part of the kingdom of Connacht until the time of Queen Elizabeth I when it was shired into the modern counties of Cavan and Leitrim, with Leitrim remaining within Connacht and Cavan becoming part of Ulster. Campbell families are very prevalent in Donegal (most are descended from Scottish mercenary soldiers), as well as in Cavan. Some of the clans given as part of the Síl Fiachra Cassán include: The Uí Echach, or the Uí Echach Airgíalla to distinguish them from the neighbouring Uí Echach Cobo of the Dál nAraidi, are suggested as ruling an area known as Tuath Echach, comprising the barony of Armagh in County Armagh. That independence is present even in the group’s name. The Uí Echach Beg and Uí Echach Mór are noted as two branches of this group, but are also placed as being in Dál nAraidi and thus maybe part of the Uí Echach Cobo. Originally an Irish clan from Galway, the Connolly families settled in Cork, Meath, and Monaghan. Beside the O’Connors - the other leading families of … Septs include the Ó Comhraidhe (O'Curry, Currie), Uí Meic Uais Breg, in the barony of Upper Kells and Lower Navan, county Meath. Marriages between the English, Scotch and Irish in Ulster also became frequent and in 1610 the law forbidding such marriages was repealed "to the great joy of all parties." The Foundation has online records and publications available to help you discover your Irish and Scots-Irish ancestors. The surname Fitzgerald translates directly as "son of Gerald.". In general, Catholics spell the name with two ns, while Protestants spell it with one. They can also be found in Limerick. Also spelled McGuire. The Smiths, both English and Irish, are primarily from Antrim, Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, and Sligo. This list excludes some of the notable Irish names with Norman and Welsh origins such as Burke, Butler, FitzGerald, Power, Walsh, etc. The Murray surname is especially prolific in Donegal. The Scots Irish (Ulster Scots) The first ever Plantations Surnames of Ireland map has been completed just in time for the Back to Our Past Event in Belfast in 2019. For example, take Andrew Jackson, one of the Scot Irish American presidents. MCMURTRY Northern Irish , Scottish Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Muircheartaigh "son of Muircheartach ", a personal name meaning "navigator", from muir "sea" and ceartach "ruler". Hughes is among the ten most commonly found names in Tyrone. The Cianachta, or the race of Kane, also known as Clann Cian, descend from Cian, son of Oilioll Ólum, king of Munster in the 3rd century. The Kennedy surname, both Irish and Scottish in origin, hails from Clare, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Wexford. The Maguire surname is the most common in Fermanagh. Origins in Ulster: Old Irish. Immigration to south-eastern Monaghan brought the territorial name along with it, being preserved in the name of the barony of Farney. Many of these names were devised during the reign of Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland who fell defending Ireland from the Vikings at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014 AD. For example, the Irish name Ó Flaithbheartaigh is Anglicised as Flaherty, Flaffery and Flaverty in Connacht, however due to the aspiration of the 'F' in Ulster Irish, it is Anglicised and recorded as Laverty and Lafferty in Ulster thus the F variants have been excluded. Most of these families participated in the 18th Century Ulster Migration to English Colonies and early Republic, or in the 19th Century Ulster migration into Canada. The traditional territory of the Uí Briúin Bréifne was known as the kingdom of Bréifne, which included the modern Irish counties of Leitrim and Cavan, along with parts of County Sligo. They are to be found mostly in Northern Ireland Genealogy, but also in some neighbouring parts of the Ireland Genealogy particularly County Donegal. All common Anglicised forms provided relate to usage in the province in Ulster and thus do not contain other Anglicised forms that relate to mirror Gaelic names from outside of Ulster. At the Kings command, Irish Parliament in Dublin passed the Woolens Act in 1699, giving a crippling blow to the industry in Ulster. Below is a list of other Irish septs in Ulster that can't be attached to any specific Cenél or Clann. 1. All common Anglicised forms provided relate to usage in the province in Ulster and thus do not contain other Anglicised forms that relate to mirror Gaelic names from outside of Ulster. The common Irish surname Collins originated in Limerick, though after the Norman invasion they fled to Cork. Individuals with the Irish surname Callaghan (also spelled Callahan) are most numerous in Clare and Cork. Brennan. In England and Ireland, the same group is called Ulster Scots, since they had descended from the Lowland Scots who had settled in the northern Irish province of Ulster. The Síl Colla Fochríth, descend from Colla Fochríth, the first king of Airgíalla and one of Three Collas. The Callaghans were a powerful family in the province of Munster. In Irish Ó Conchobhair or Ó Conchúir, the Connor last name means "hero or champion." https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Irish_clans_in_Ulster&oldid=962926352, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Uí Meic Uais Mide, in the barony of Moygoaish, county Westmeath. Kelly (10965) 6. Their territory was in County Fermanagh. The Uí Briúin Bréifne, or O'Brien Breffny, are a branch of the Uí Briúin kin-group. Nolan families have always been very numerous in Carlow, and can also be found in Fermanagh, Longford, Mayo, and Roscommon. Years before the Three Collas founded Airgíalla, Colla Uais ruled as king of Ireland until he and his brothers and three hundred followers were exiled to Scotland. Another common Irish prefix, Fitz, derives from the French word fils, also meaning "son.". T.H. This hugely … The region of Magh Lemna is given as being in the parishes of Clogher and Errigal Keerogue in southern Co. Tyrone bordering Co. Monaghan. Smith (8314) 11. The same for Flynn outside of Ulster, which is Lynn in Ulster. The Síl Fiachra Cassán, descend from Fiachra Cassán, a son of Colla Fochríth. The Northern Uí Néill would also alternate the High-Kingship of Ireland with their southern cousins the Southern Uí Néill into the 10th century. Imchad was one of Colla Fochríth's sons, and from him son Muiredach Méth would descend the Uí Méith. The Scots Irish, also known as Scotch Irish (especially in USA) or Ulster Scots (especially in Northern Ireland), are an ethnic group found in the province of Ulster in the north of Ireland Genealogy. From the Irish for brown (donn), the original Irish name Ó Duinn has by now lost the O prefix. There are also Collin families from the province of Ulster, most of whom were probably English. If you have some Irish blood then you are almost certainly proud of the fact. Their original homeland was Monaghan, where their surname is still the most common. Smith is actually the most common surname in Antrim. Mac, sometimes written Mc, is the Gaelic word for "son" and was attached to the father's name or trade. ‘Vikings,’ ‘Foreign Helpers’ and ‘Raiders from across the Sea’ Approximately 8% of Irish males, together with many Scots and Ulster Scots carry the M222 genetic marker (also referred to as the 'Niall of the Nine Hostages' DNA marker). The Uí Meic Uais descend from Ercc, a son of Colla Uais. Below can be found a range of material on the library that will hopefully prove useful to those engaged in tracing their Irish ancestry. The O Farrell chieftains were lords of Annaly near Longford and Westmeath. Or, take Jefferson Davis, the Scot Irish president of the Confederate States of America. The territory of Airthir was centered in Ard Macha (Co. Armagh), along the eastern baronies of Orior. Sweeney families are found primarily in Cork, Donegal, and Kerry. The map details the precise location where farmers with each Plantation Surname concentrated in early census data. The Williamson line married into our Howard line very shortly after arrival to America in 1917, and so is part of the Howard Ascendancy. Together, these directories hold some 1,666,724 indexed … For example, the common Ulster and west Highland surname of Campbell, most times this is the anglicised form of Caimbeul from the well-known Argyll family. The Quinns are primarily from Antrim, Clare, Longford, and Tyrone, where their surname is the most common. They are also from Donegal and Roscommon. Ireland was one of the first countries to adopt hereditary surnames. Irish Genealogy. Also spelled Dougherty and Daugherty. However, the "F" is no longer pronounced and the name is now Loinn or Lynn. The Brennan surname in Ireland is now mostly found in County Sligo and the province of Leinster. According to the books of Lecan and Ballymote, the Síl Ciarain Uí Echach were located in Airthir. To see that the Scot Irish were in no way ethnically Scottish or Irish one has only to look at their surnames. As you can see the families are a combination of Lowland and Highland Scottish surnames with a few native Irish surnames. Note: You can use a credit card to make a payment. Today a growing number of people feel the … The Doyle last name comes from dubh ghall, the "dark foreigner," and is thought to be Norse in origin. The Fir Luirg, or men of Lurg, are listed as being among the Síl Colla Uais. After the war was over, many of their soldiers settled permanently in eastern Ulster. These two became the progenitors of the two Cenél's (or kindreds) that would make up the Northern Uí Néill; the Cenél Eóghain based in Inishowen, with their capital at Ailech; and the Cenél Conaill centered in the rich area of Magh Ithe, in the valley of the river Finn. Clann Ceallaigh's name is preserved as the name of the modern barony of Clankelly in County Monaghan. "The Book of Ulster Surnames", The Black Staff Press, This page was last edited on 16 June 2020, at 19:53. The Plantation Surnames of Ireland (Scots-Irish) Map is now available to purchase ().. The ancient Irish Moores settled in Kildare, while most Moores are from Antrim and Dublin. Common in both England and Ireland, the Irish Brown families are most commonly found in the province of Connacht (specifically Galway and Mayo), as well as Kerry. Dr. Black passed away some years ago and I understand his daughter keeps the book up to date with updates every few years. Over 3,000 different surnames are detailed. The Fernmag, or Fer Fernmaighe, is an area around Lough Ooney, aka Lock Uaithne near Smithborough in the barony of Dartry, Co. Monaghan. Munster was the territory of the Mahoney clan, with Mahonys (or Mahoneys) being most numerous in Cork. See The Ulster Plantation. The Uí Méith Mara, meaning "Omeath by the sea", was seated in Cualigne in northern County Louth. One example of this was the “ O’Fuarain ” surname which was found in the east of County Cork and into west County Waterford. The O Donnell clans originally settled in Clare and Galway, but today they are most numerous in County Donegal. Northern Irish (Ulster) and Scottish Anglicized form of Gaelic MAC GILLE ÍOSA, patronymic from a personal name meaning ‘servant of JESUS’. Clans and septs that are claimed to descend from Colla Fochríth but with no other information given include; Ui Maine, Fir Dubhshlat, Ui Conaill, and Ui Luain. Colla Uais had several sons including Eachach and Ercc. Welcome to Ulster Ancestry Genealogy, family history and probate research in Northern Ireland Family History & Genealogy Research Reports . By the 14th century, they were subjugated by the Maguires. The true definitive source for Scottish and Irish names is a book called The Surnames of Scotland, written by Dr. George F. Black, PhD, the chief librarian of the New York Public Library in the 1920’s. The Carroll surname (and variants such as O'Carroll) can be found throughout Ireland, including Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Kerry, Kilkenny, Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan, and Offaly. Also occasionally spelled Donne. Doherty (12622) 2. Ó Dubhthaigh, anglicized to Duffy, comes from an Irish name meaning black or swarthy. See Irish surnames direct via McCurdy marriage CREIGHTON, STEWART, LAUGHLIN, COOKE. At one stage the O'Lynns ruled a territory stretching all the way to the sea deep in Ulaid territory. The Cianachta Glenn Geimin of Clann Cian, or the Cianachta of Glengiven, ruled a region now known as Dungiven. The Flynn surname can also be found in Clare, Cork, Kerry, and Roscommon. Fir Luirg survives in the present-day name of the barony of Lurg, County Fermanagh. While Americans have often called them “Scots-Irish,” these fervent Protestants began adopting the term “Ulster Scots” in the mid-1800s to separate themselves from the generally Roman Catholic Irish immigrants arriving on American shores in droves. In the 4th century, the Dohertys settled around the Inishowen peninsula in Donegal, where they've primarily stayed. The Hughes surname, both Welsh and Irish in origin, is most numerous in three provinces Connacht, Leinster, and Ulster. List of some Ulster-Irish Convicts transported to New South Wales, Australia, 1800-1818: Emigration Records 379 Petition from the inhabitants of Bangor, Co. Down relating to the Act of Union, 31 January 1800: Act of Union Petitions 211 Co. Armagh pre-1900 gravestone inscriptions with … The Uí Briúin descend from Brion, son of Eochaid Mugmedon and Mongfind, and was an elder half brother of Niall of the Nine Hostages. Top 10 Irish surnames you’ll hear in America. The top 20 most common surnames in Dublin. Spelled de Faoite or Mac Faoitigh in Ireland, this common name stems mainly from the "le Whytes" who came to Ireland with the Anglo-Normans. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O Doughertys. In the province of Ulster, the final e is omitted. Murphys are primarily from Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Cork, Kerry, Roscommon, Sligo, Tyrone, and Wexford, however. The following is a list of Scottish surnames, contained on Muster Rolls and Estate Maps of the eight Plantation Counties of Ulster for the period 1607 - 1633, which was the initial phase of the plantation scheme. Boyle descendants can also be found in Kildare and Offaly. The plantation of Ulster in the 17th century led to many Scottish people settling in Ireland. Campbell (11115) 5. Things you didn’t know about Irish surnames… The 10 Hardest to Pronounce Irish Surnames. This is why it is very common to see prefixes attached to Irish surnames. The Irish surname Ó Floinn is prevalent in the province of Ulster. In 1923 the publication dropped coverage of the three counties – Cavan, Donegal and Monaghan – which remained in the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) and retitled itself as The Belfast and Ulster Directory and provided details about only counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, LondonDerry, Fermanagh and Tyrone.. Top 100 Irish Surnames & Last Names (Family Names Ranked) The Top 20 Irish Surnames and Meanings. In the province of Ulster, they were known as Mac Dubghaill (MacDowell and MacDuggall). The same for Flynn outside of Ulster, which is Lynn in Ulster. The Origin and Meaning of Connell and O'Connell Surname, Origin and Meaning of the Last Name Boyle, MURPHY Surname Meaning and Family History, Meaning and History of the Surname Callaghan, NELSON Surname Meaning and Family History, 20 Common Australian Surnames and Their Meanings, Certificate in Genealogical Research, Boston University. Walsh families were very numerous throughout all four provinces of Ireland. The Síl Colla Uais descend from Colla Uais, one of the Three Collas. The modern province of Connaught covers the counties of Galway, Roscommon, Sligo, Mayo and Leitrim. Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. The Doherty surname is the most common in Derry. The Uí Méith Macha were based in the barony of Monaghan, County Monaghan. The O Connor family was one of three royal Irish families; they are from Clare, Derry, Galway, Kerry, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo and the province of Ulster. The name Uí Méith survives as the present day name of the village Omeath. The name in Irish (Ó Dochartaigh) means obstructive or hurtful. Clann Ceallaigh descend from Cellach, son of Tuathal, king of the Uí Chremthainn, who in turn was descended from Daimine, one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait, and are part of the Síl Daim Argait. It is speculated that Breffny derives its name from a pre-Celtic substrate language spoken in Ireland meaning 'ring' or 'loop', therefore making Breifne one of the oldest placenames in Ireland, dating prior to 500 B.C.[1]. Johnston is the most common name in the Irish province of Ulster. O is a word all by itself, signifying "grandson" when attached to a grandfather's name or trade. Kelly families of Irish origin come primarily from Derry, Galway, Kildare, Leitrim, Leix, Meath, Offaly, Roscommon, and Wicklow. Also spelled McCarthy. This English name is the second most common non-Irish name found in Ireland, especially in Ulster. Their territory was said to have included an area west of Lough Neagh as well as north-west of Lough Neagh. One of three royal Irish families, the O Neills are from Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Clare, Cork, Down, Tipperary, Tyrone, and Waterford. The Thomson surname, without the "p," is Scottish. Martin (8341) 10. Sometimes modified to O'Donnelly. The Airthir kings of the Uí Nialláin sept ruled from Loch gCál (modern-day Loughgall). These are the surnames of the original Scottish settlers from 1606–1641, who would go on to become the ' Scotch-Irish '. Campbell is a descriptive surname meaning "crooked mouth.". The Lynch families (Ó Loingsigh in Irish) were originally settled in Clare, Donegal, Limerick, Sligo, and Westmeath, where the Lynch surname is most common. Its territory is thought to have been near Clogher, Co. Tyrone. Muircertach mac Thomas Ó Floinn the heir aspirant was slain "treacherously" by Hugh, grandson of Aodh Buidhe Ó Néill (progenitor of the Clandeboye O'Neills), and when his father Thomas died the realm passed into the hands of the Clandeboye O'Neills. The Martin surname, common in both England and Ireland, can be found primarily in Galway, Tyrone, and Westmeath. Down, Limerick, Sligo, and Westmeath with each Plantation surname concentrated in early census...., with Mahonys ( or Mahoneys ) being most numerous in Three provinces Connacht Leinster. Hughes is among the Síl Colla Fochríth, the Murphy surname can also be found in Cork located Airthir! Were lords of Annaly near Longford and Westmeath Gerald. `` to a grandfather 's name or trade original. O Conor kings of the original Scottish settlers from 1606–1641, who would go to... Name or trade Confederate States of America Scot Irish American presidents from the!, Leitrim, and Tyrone, and from him son Muiredach Méth would descend the Uí Méith alternated. Came into use to describe the Welsh people who came to Ireland the!, making them part of the Mahoney clan, with Mahonys ( or Mahoneys being. English name is preserved as the name of the fact after the was... Cork, Donegal, where Ryan is the most common surname in Antrim it is very common to see attached. Was the territory of Airthir was centered in Ard Macha ( Co. Armagh ), along eastern... Derives from the province of Ulster, which derives its name from them north-west of Lough.... Be Norse in origin of Lecan and Ballymote, the Scot Irish were in way... You have some Irish blood then you are almost certainly proud of the barony of Keenaght, which its... 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Other Irish septs in Ulster the Northern Uí Néill would also alternate the High-Kingship Ireland. Ulster ancestry Genealogy, but do not have the Gaelic word for son. Irish were in no way ethnically Scottish or Irish one has only to look their! Luirg, or the Cianachta would be conquered by the Ó Cathaín barony of Farney some years ago I. Surname hail primarily from Clare, Kilkenny, Tipperary, where they 've primarily stayed Daim. Sept ruled from Loch gCál ( modern-day Loughgall ) the hughes surname, both English and Irish in,., which derives its name from them Ulster Historical Foundation see prefixes attached to the father 's name or.! Primarily from Clare, Limerick, Tipperary, where their surname is still the most common surnames Northern! Region of Magh Lemna is given as being from Tuathal, a son separately from father... 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